Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE)
At Upperwood Academy, we have a whole school approach to PSHE. Our PSHE curriculum is designed to give children opportunities to develop and establish friendships and healthy relationships, keep themselves safe, raise their aspirations and self-esteem and to have a deeper understanding of the world around them. We endeavour to give our young people the academic and non-academic skills needed to thrive, and in particular our most vulnerable and disadvantaged children.
To ensure maximum progression and repeated coverage of knowledge and skills, we repeat areas of knowledge regularly to embed this knowledge into the long term memory. Half termly PSHE themes identify the key knowledge and skills of each topic and very careful consideration has been given to ensure progression across other PSHE topics and indeed other subjects throughout each year group across the school.
The British values of respect, rule of law, democracy, tolerance and individual liberty are an integral part of our PSHE curriculum and also our wider school ethos and curriculum.
Our PSHE curriculum is made up of four core themes:
Sex and Relationships Education (SRE)
At Upperwood Academy we have a whole school approach to SRE, relationships play a key part in every child or young persons wellbeing. We teach the fundamental building blocks of positive relationships with reference to friends and family relationships, relationships with other children and with adults. This involves teaching about the characteristics of positive and healthy friendships and relationships.
Key Stage One children are taught how to recognise if a relationship is unhealthy and ways to seek support. The children develop strategies to resolve conflict and how to recognise types of bullying and how to ask for help. They will understand that each person’s body belongs to them and to know the rules for unwanted touch. They will explore some of the differences between males and females and to understand how this is part of the lifecycle [links with Science] . They explore different types of families and identify who can help when families make us feel unhappy or unsafe.
For Key Stage Two children, this will also involve consent and respecting the boundaries of others, how to recognise peer on peer abuse and ways to seek help. This includes on-line safety.
Our Year Six pupils are prepared for the changes that adolescent brings, so they are ready for transition into secondary school. They learn when it is appropriate to share personal/private information in a relationship. They will also have the knowledge of how to seek support when online. They will also learn the importance of showing respect in a relationship.
The children are taught PSHE both as a thematic part of their half termly topic work and as discrete teaching of knowledge and skills.
Teachers are provided with additional planning time on top of their PPA, to plan their curriculum. As part of this planning process, our PSHE teacher plans the following:
In PSHE, the teacher carries out a baseline assessment at the beginning of each unit of work to elicit knowledge which children already have about a subject area.
Our PSHE Curriculum is planned to demonstrate progression. If children are keeping up with the curriculum, they are deemed to be making good or better progress. In addition, we measure the impact of our curriculum through the following methods:
A reflection on standards achieved against the planned outcomes recorded on an assessment tool (Eazmag);
A celebration of learning for each unit of work evidenced in a workbook;
Monitoring of workbooks;
Pupil discussions about their learning.
Three and Four year olds
Personal, Social and Emotional Development
Understanding the world
Communication and language
Personal, Social and Emotional Development
Understanding the world
HEALTH AND WELLBEING fits into the importance of exercise, nutrition and the long term benefits of maintaining a healthy diet and a healthy mind in a positive way.
In Year 1 we learn about what medicine is, food groups and benefits of physical activity.
In Year 2 we recap on what is medicine, where we get medicine from, where we keep medicine and who gives us medicine. We also learn about benefits of a healthy balanced diet. We also begin learning about understanding our feelings and our mental health.
In Year 3 and 4 we begin learning about self-esteem including body image and how we can develop this. We learn about being aware of our mental health and how we deal with negative feelings, who to go to and ways to help ourselves. We also learn that medicines are also drugs and do not always help us as well as how a healthy balanced diet can have long term benefits.
In Year 5 and 6 we learn about drugs, smoking and alcohol, nutrition, mental and physical health We also undertake some basic first aid training. We learn about drugs including smoking and alcohol and how they harm our bodies and what addiction is.
PERSONAL SAFETY We ensure children have the skills needed to keep themselves safe in a number of ways including on-line, particularly around social media.
In Year 1 we learn about keeping safe through road safety, sun safety and on-line safety. We also learn about personal safety.
In Year 2 we learn about keeping safe online and recognising when we are not safe on line including the use of mobile phones. We learn about where/who to go to, to get help.
In Year 3 and 4 we build on skills taught in key stage one including how to report and recognise on line abuse. We learn about appropriate use of mobile phones and social media.
Year 5 and 6 we learn about wider aspects of personal safety as they approach high school.
In Year One we learn about what money is and that it comes in different forms. The difference between needs and wants. We learn about how to manage change when moving into a new year group or class. To know what can harm the local environment; how they and others care for it. We learn how kind and unkind behaviour can affect others; how to be polite and courteous; how to play co-operatively.
In Year Two we build on the skills taught in year 1, we learn about what kind of jobs people can do and how jobs help people to earn money to pay for the things we need. We learn about a range of jobs, including those done by people who work in the community or volunteer. We also learn how people have different strengths to be able to do different jobs.
In Year Three we learn about how we belong to different community groups, e.g.. friendships, faith, clubs and year groups. We learn what is meant by a diverse community; how different groups make up the wider/local community around school. Importantly, we learn how to be respectful towards people who may behave differently to us.
In Year Four we learn about how it is everyone’s responsibility look after the world around them, including our local and global community. We learn to show care and concern for others including animals. We learn the skills and vocabulary to share our thoughts, ideas and opinions in discussion about topical issues.
In Year Five we build on the skills taught in Key Stage 1 when learning about how people make decisions about spending and saving money and what influence us. We learn how people make choices about how to pay for things they want and need e.g from current accounts, savings, store card, credit card and loans. We learn that there is risk associated with money; it can be won, lost or stolen. We also learn how money can affect feelings and emotions. We learn about the broad range of jobs and people often have more than one during their careers and over a lifetime.
In Year Six we learn that there are different ways into jobs and careers, including college, apprentices and university. We learn how we might choose a career or job when we are older, why we would choose it and what might influence our decisions, including interests and pay.